Crowsfoot Grass is a hairless tough dark green tufted weed grass that forms a rosette of flattened stems radiating from the plants center. Stems are flattened with folded venation, sheaths are whitish to silver with a short membranous ligule that is divided at the centre. At maturity it can reach 50 cm in height. It is commonly found through temperate and warm areas of Australia.
Crowsfoot forms a dense fibrous root system but does not take root at stem nodes. It is a significant weed on all turf surface and can establish on golf tees and greens, fairways, sporting fields and parks.
Crowsfoot (Eleusine indica) is a summer annual that can tolerate low mowing. Seeds germinate at temperature above 15°C to 18°C; when there is adequate moisture and light. It is a prolific seeder that can produce up to 50,000 seed per plant. Seed can stay viable for many years, creating secondary outbreaks when conditions are ideal.
As Crowsfoot can tolerate low mowing and colonises areas that are thin, bare, or disturbed soil surfaces it is important to ensure adequate turf density and health. Pre-emergent control is recommended to prevent establishment be hard to control mature plants exist.